Home' Bowls NSW : September 2009 Contents BOWLS NSW – SEPTEMBER 2009 67
By MIKE EVERETT for the State Coaching Committee
Combining training and in-match skills
and in-match skills
While raw bowler talent is the
most important factor in the attain-
ment of high levels of competitive
performance, training based on
sound sport science principles is also
an essential ingredient if this talent
is to be fully developed.
In order that bowlers may achieve
optimal performance, it is generally
accepted by coaches that high level
performance is dependent upon
an identifiable set of basic factors,
each one of which carries a relative
importance for that activity.
Bowlers, therefore, will only reach
their full potential in training if the
following factors are combined.
Physical capacities: The physical
characteristics of the bowler that
are important in the competitive
game must be present.
Biomechanics: Appropriate techniques
for the game need to be developed,
e.g. how applied anatomy can be
used to enhance performance.
Physiological capacity: A level of
fitness which is specific to the par-
ticular activity must be attained.
Psychological make-up: The psy-
chological factors which enable the
bowler to compete successfully need
to be developed and maintained.
Ethics and attitude: A work ethic
which includes an appropriate at-
titude to training must be present.
Opportunity: The opportunity to
compete with bowlers of a similar
or superior level must be available.
Quality performance promotes
itself, training helps to perfect the
execution and timing of the per-
formance and its perfect repetitious
execution in the competitive arena.
Team training is much more com-
plex and requires the integration
and co-operation of team members
in a chaotic environment.
Training must have interaction
at different levels in such a way,
that basic, advanced and high
performance, physical and mental
training all combine and culminate
with in-match skills.
Some of the relationships between
training skills and that of the in-
match skills are as follows.
Learning: If you want to learn,
be objective about yourself, your
performance, be determined about
the future, set your goals and plan
what you want to do. This type of
attitude provides a good platform
for learning and development.
Training: Training is the rehearsal for
a game performance. The bowler's
requirement is for a perfect repeti-
tious execution and the integration
and co-operation of team members.
In the course of its evolution the
game exhibits randomness, an en-
vironment that requires the bowler
to produce skills under pressure of
time and in the face of determined
opponents who's desire is to win.
Winning habits: Training produces
excellent habits. Bowlers skills are
measured by their products shown
in competition. Skilled bowlers are
required to produce fine work and
flawlessly execute their playing and
tactical skills. The execution of the
right skill has a link with the actions
and skills of team mates. "Good
habits learnt in training win games!"
The training program: We learn best
at training. Many bowlers think and
believe that once they complete the
basic skills their coaching days are
over, and the only way ahead is to
teach themselves. Nothing could be
more from the truth. The basic skills
in lawn bowls only prepare us for
the most important learning envi-
ronment, "The Training Program!"
Intensity of training: Training should
be harder than the game, both
physically and mentally. The best
training simulates the pressure and
stresses of competition as well as
providing the appropriate opportunity
for skill acquisition that, initially, oc-
curs best without the intensity of a
competitive environment. This can be
achieved in circuit training drills up
to a point with developing the skills
and conditioning. The actual game
pressure can be learnt in trial games.
Stresses of competition can only be
experienced in games when playing
against players or teams stronger
and more skilled than themselves.
Improving the standards: One of
the secrets of extending a bowler's
career is being able to challenge
the bowler with appropriate train-
ing tasks. Perhaps the most impor-
tant is the self discovery that can
come from challenges of training
and competition. The best bowlers
become able to monitor and chart
their progress and development.
Usually one learns most when one
risks failing, when one risks going
beyond what is comfortable.
Compromise the training strategy:
While it would be preferable for
bowlers to make more time available
and adopt longer training periods,
such an approach is sometimes not
feasible and the use of the above
strategy represents a reasonable
compromise between the need for
high intensity and short training time.
Training periodisation: The structure
of the training year will depend
upon the dominant physical capac-
ity that is to be maximized, that is,
the playing skills, mental skills, and
game endurance required. Whether
it involves several major champion-
ships spaced throughout a year, or
whether the competitive pennants
season involves a prolonged period
where games are played on a
Bowlers are also influenced by
social factors, both when training
and during competition. The family,
peer group, media and economic
circumstances all influence the
bowler's ability to prepare for and
then to perform in a competitive
The coach: In order to maximise
bowlers inherent abilities, such factors
as a coach's own past experiences,
either as a competitor or coach, as
well as specialised knowledge of
current world trends are important
in the bowler's development, oth-
erwise their full potential will not
The club: The club support is vital for
motivated bowlers and coaches who
are willing to introduce a training
program. If members are orientated
towards the competitive arena and
there is no incentive or provisions
to improve bowlers or teams, then
the club's adhockery will not justify
their selections. Potluck competitive
methods stirs the ire of most bowl-
ers who want to improve and win.
Links Archive August 2009 October 2009 Navigation Previous Page Next Page